6.2 Web Browsing Software

The browser's main functionality

The main function of a browser is to present the web resource you choose, by requesting it from the server and displaying it in the browser window. The resource is usually an HTML document, but may also be a PDF, image, or some other type of content. The location of the resource is specified by the user using a URI (Uniform Resource Identifier).

Browser user interfaces have a lot in common with each other. Among the common user interface elements are:

  • Address bar for inserting a URI
  • Back and forward buttons
  • Bookmarking options
  • Refresh and stop buttons for refreshing or stopping the loading of current documents
  • Home button that takes you to your home page

Popular web Browsers are :


  • 1. Google Chrome
  • 2. Safari (Apple)
  • 3. Opera
  • 4. Internet Explorer 9
  • 5. Firefox